Think life is simple. “Yes,” you say – “those with nucleus are eukaryotes, and those without are bacteria.” But, not so fast. A domain of single cell organisms that used to be called archaebacteria is now a whole new branch in the tree of life. We now give it its own name, “Archae”. Archae posses properties that separate them from bacteria and higher life forms. What makes Archae different? Their living conditions, energy sources and cell membrane lipids make them unique.
Articles that describe plane disasters commonly talk about a pilot’s reaction that results in opposite course from what would have been a way out of a difficult situation. For example, when an airplane is loosing speed and starts nosediving, trying to pull it’s nose up only reduces the airspeed further and compounds the problem. Right action seems to be to nosedive and gain some speed and then have options at doing other things. Obviously, the correct action needs to be taken some distance before the ground.
Now, lets imagine a complicated situation of two planes on a collision course that simultaneously loose power and ability to maneuver right and left. The planes can adjust some altitude by using the nosedive maneuver to gain speed. So, there is some ability to move slightly up and slightly down while the airspeed still allows for gliding. If communications between the two planes occur ahead of time, there is a chance to agree on different altitudes to avoid collision. But, once the airspeed is near critical for one of the plains, the chances of positive outcome are diminishing exponentially. The results will be disastrous even if the second plane still has an option to nosedive to gain some speed. At late points, it would be impossible to avoid the collision because nosediving for the second plane only result in collision with the first plane that has not other course, but down.
Similarly, two people or two groups of people on a collision course have only a certain amount of time before collision is unavoidable. Communication ahead of time is the only solution to avoid a disaster. Don’t forget that we still did not figure out how the planes will land safely without the power.
“Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it,” said George Santayana. It is too bad that a few decades old news articles are very hard to find by searching the internet.
Surely, if someone is looking for a specific article and knows the exact date of a publication, there is a reasonable chance that something useful will come up, either in text search, or possibly in image search. But, if someone is looking for a broad topic that was potentially covered by major newspapers of 1920s or 1930s, good luck.
Google made an effort in the past to digitize historical content. For some reason, this effort was abandoned. Currently, the chance of findings anything useful becomes exponentially lower with each added decade prior to 1970s or so.
This most likely reflects popularity contest that even history has to compete in today’s world. Google’s services are designed to engage as many people as possible. It is completely reasonable to concentrate on the current history and data. Most people will search for recent events and opinions. Just like it is unlikely that thoughts of lonely shepherd who lives in high mountains will not be found at the top of search results, it is unlikely that there is enough interest to justify expense of digitizing every article ever written.
Another way to look at this is a “doughnut hole” perspective, similar to Medicare not covering certain expenses of a sub-segment of population. If we count old philosopher’s writings as “news articles” we can say that it is really easy to find old writings that survived the test of time. But, millennia between 300AD to 1970AD gets left out. So, online new version of “history” only reflects the very old and the very new. Since the majority of searchable text is very new, even this result is heavily skewed to the more current event. The “doughnut” is not even symmetric.
For now, the only solution that a lonely shepherd has to find whether a topic was covered in the news of early twentieth century is to travel to a large city, visit a library, and read the paper version of the old news. Let’s hope that Fahrenheit 451 does not happen to those.
Programming has been somewhat of a hobby. It is sometimes useful to find a computational solution to otherwise tedious task. Some say that today, programming is becoming almost like a writing/reading skill. The concept of Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) is not straight forward to explain without a video or a few examples to someone who has never encountered it before. Briefly, “containers” or “prototypes” of sort are created in computer code and later modified for a particular purpose.
Typical example involves an explanation that “car” is an object and models of cars are sub-types of objects, all based on that main “car” object. So, a programmer writes a few lines of general code that are later re-used for a more specialized task. But, is “object” a good word to describe this concept? Dictionary definition of an “object” is that “object” is a material thing that can be touched, seen, smelled, pushed, pulled, etc.
“Object” in OOP is not really that material, unless we want to consider that potential energy of 5V to create “0s” and “1s” is somewhat material. In reality, the “object” in OOP is nothing more but a collection of logical and data states in computer memory.
Would “Logical Construct Oriented Programming” (LCOP) be better? Sounds a bit complicated.
For years, my tablet was an Android device. If some text in Adobe reader was too small, all I had to do is zoom over a paragraph using two-finger spread. The focus stayed on the paragraph immediately after the zoom. Does not seem like a huge computational problem: first get the coordinates of touchdown, then zoom, then re-center to keep the original touchdown in place. So, why or why does the same Adobe Reader wants to jump to the center of a page after zooming on Surface Pro? Now, it’s two actions: first two-finger zoom, then one finger slide back to where you were reading. And, if you happened to zoom too much, your original spot is not that easy to find. Perhaps, there is a setting somewhere in the deep preferences corners to solve this, but sure not easy to find, if it is there.
As I am typing this post, my desktop is sluggish. Another update is going on in the background. As a matter of fact, in the last three days I mostly used desktop Windows PC, Windows tablet, and Android phone. My tablet forced an update that slowed me down last morning. My desktop updated a large program, which resulted in about 5-minute slow down. My phone seemed to always be updating something. And, it was just a matter of random chance whether my text app or maps or email on the phone were slightly sluggish because something was also updating in the background. There were random program update offers too. I was in the middle of doing something else at the time, but was sidetracked into getting “the new most advance and secure” version that looked identical to the old one in my naive “user view”.
Ya right… this is going to work. Back to reality…
Canon EOS Rebel T6 camera is easy to use and relatively easy to learn. If you will allow the camera to do its magic and use only automatic features, the images will come out very nice. Of course, the manual mode is where fun begins.
Big letter “M” in the beginning of mode selection dial helps find the manual mode. Side of the lens that camera kit comes with also has a switch to change the lens into the manual mode. Shutter speed control is relatively easy to find as curved arrows make you look for the wheel just behind the shutter button, which will adjust it. ISO level has its own dedicated button, so not a big challenge there. Aperture control is the only one that is a little tricky. AV button has to be held down as the wheel behind the shutter button is adjusted to change the aperture.
If all else fails, the camera comes with a thick instruction manual. And, of course YouTube is helpful as usual.
Battery charged in two hours and seemed to last over two days of use with plenty of charge left. Transferring images was easy as well. Plug it into USB port and Windows 10 recognizes the camera without downloading anything. A red light in the corner of the camera blinks when file transfer is taking place.
In summary, initial impression is positive. Canon did a good job on Rebel T6.
Unity 2018.2 is a game development environment that is a major development platform in this field. There is a free version that is available for small aspiring game developers.
Installation is fairly straight forward, but like any other big package, takes a while.
An option to do tutorial right at the first start is a wonderful idea and I went ahead and clicked through the first two tutorials.
In all fairness, I so far, only spend an hour on this platform and will probably give it another chance. The points that are a bit confusing are the following.
The tutorial explains that GameObject is the primary point of interaction with this software. This is very understandable as Object Oriented Programming is ubiquitous everywhere. The tutorial also explains that GameObjects have Components. Ok, naming this whole set “Features” or “Attributes” may be a bit more clear, but it seems that each of the components has those as well, so we are at three layers of complexity here. Is each component an object within an object? Well, does not matter.
The really confusing part is “Assets.” Why are those separate? Why another layer of complexity? Unity Asset Store has some free models to download. Well, so far two different downloads did not work. Something happens, but way too quick. One of those deals, where you keep wondering if there was “Exception” type “please do not crash” code in there somewhere. Going back to the store and trying to download again results in “All assets from this package are already in your project.” Manually browsed to the Assets folder in the project, nothing there, except for the generic SampleScene stuff. Manual web pages did not help so far, as they seem to refer to some different 18.2 version from what got downloaded.
By the way, placing a project straight into Documents folder, at least on Windows 10, is not exactly an organized way of doing it. Having a separate working Unity folder would have been better.
So, overall, Unity seems to be functioning and probably worth a second look after some more tutorial viewing/reading. But, it is a good idea to check out the competitors before proceeding.